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Motion to amend judgment to add judgment debtor in California

A motion to amend a judgment to add a judgment debtor in California using Code of Civil Procedure section 187 is the topic of this blog post. The most common reason to request amendment of a judgment to add a judgment debtor is through the use of the alter ego doctrine, which is that an identity exists between the new party and the original party, whose participation in the trial leading to the judgment represented the newly added party.

Amending a judgment to add a judgment debtor can be very helpful if used in the right situations.

A good example of a situation would be where a professional corporation is owned by one person who drains the assets of the corporation by alleging they are “loan repayments” to the individual and sole shareholder before dissolving it. Then under an almost identical name they continue to practice their profession at the same location as the dissolved professional corporation.   When examined under oath at a judgment debtor examination they fail to produce any corporate minutes or resolutions regarding the alleged loans.

Another example of a good situation might be that of a successor corporation who continues the same exact business as the predecessor except for the name.

Code of Civil Procedure section 187 states that, “When jurisdiction is, by the Constitution or this Code, or by any other statute, conferred on a Court or judicial officer, all the means necessary to carry it into effect are also given; and in the exercise of this jurisdiction, if the course of proceeding be not specifically pointed out by this Code or the statute, any suitable process or mode of proceeding may be adopted which may appear most conformable to the spirit of this Code.”

Numerous decisions of the California Courts of Appeal have stated that Code of Civil Procedure section 187 allows a trial court to amend a judgment to add judgment debtors.   The rationale used is that amending a judgment to add an alter ego as a judgment debtor does not result in the addition of a new defendant but merely inserts the correct name of the real defendant.

And a recent decision from a California Court of Appeal states that great liberality is encouraged in the allowance of amendments brought pursuant to Code of Civil Procedure section 187. That same Court also stated that a noticed motion is all that is required, there is no requirement for any evidentiary hearing.

Attorneys or parties in California who would like to view a portion of a sample 12 page motion to amend a judgment containing a memorandum of points and authorities with citations to case law and statutory authority, sample declaration and proof of service sold by the author can see below.

The author of this blog post, Stan Burman, is an entrepreneur and freelance paralegal who has worked in California and Federal litigation since 1995 and has created over 300 sample legal documents for California and Federal litigation.

*Do you want to use this article on your website, blog or e-zine? You can, as long as you include this blurb with it: “Stan Burman is the author of over 300 sample legal documents for California and Federal litigation and is the author of a free weekly legal newsletter. You can receive 10 free gifts just for subscribing. Just visit http://freeweeklylegalnewsletter.gr8.com/ for more information.

Follow the author on Twitter at: https://twitter.com/LegalDocsPro

You can view sample legal document packages for sale by going to http://www.legaldocspro.com/downloads.aspx

DISCLAIMER:

Please note that the author of this blog post, Stan Burman is NOT an attorney and as such is unable to provide any specific legal advice. The author is NOT engaged in providing any legal, financial, or other professional services, and any information contained in this blog post is NOT intended to constitute legal advice.

The materials and information contained in this blog post have been prepared by Stan Burman for informational purposes only and are not legal advice. Transmission of the information contained in this blog post is not intended to create, and receipt does not constitute, any business relationship between the author and any readers. Readers should not act upon this information without seeking professional counsel.

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